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Descent of Hughes
Page 2 - Milne, Senior, Hammersley, Eden
|James Nassau Gordon Milne (b. 1985), Hugh Nicholas Milne (b. 1991), Georgina Thea Gordon Milne (b. 1992)|
Nassau Gordon Senior-Milne (b. 1955
m. 1983 sep. 2003)
'A layabout by profession, with a sideline in dilettantism.'
Brother of Claire Jaqueline Milne and Alan Gordon Milne.
What my ancestors have been doing for the last 1000 years (either that or breaking rocks).
GRAHAM NASSAU GORDON SENIOR-MILNE, 41ST BARON AND 34TH PRINCE PALATINE* OF MORDINGTON AND A LORD ADMIRAL IN THE ADMIRALTY OF SCOTLAND of 39 Castle St., Norham, nr. Berwick-upon-Tweed (from 2004), Edrington House, Mordington, Berwickshire (1998-2004), The Dovecote, Lowick, nr. Berwick-upon-Tweed (1996-1998), The Mansion House, Sanson Seal, nr. Berwick-upon-Tweed (1985-1996), 113 Gowan Avenue, Fulham, London SW6 (1982-1985), 1st Floor Flat, 26 Barons Court Rd, West Kensington, London W14 (1981-1982); b 29 Sept 1955 at the Nuffield Maternity Home, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford; educ Fonthill Lodge Pre-Prep. and Prep. Schools, nr. East Grinstead, W. Sussex 1960-1969, Tonbridge 1969-71, Epsom College 1971-74; 2nd Lt. Royal Marines 1976-77; Asst. Film Dir. Cygnet Guild, London 1978; City of London Polytechnic (Foundation in Accountancy - passed with Credit) 1979-80; Served articles (ACA 1985) with Ernst & Whinney, Chartered Accountants, Southampton and London 1980-86; IT Auditor, Arthur Young, Chartered Accountants, Edinburgh 1987-88; IT Auditor, Scottish Homes, Edinburgh 1989-92; Fin. Cntrllr. & IT Mngr, Scottish Borders Enterprise, Galashiels 1992-96; Prtnr, Cogent Communications, Berwick-upon-Tweed 1996-98; IT Audit Mngr, Lloyds TSB, London and Edinburgh 1998-2004; Prtnr, ABC Publications, Berwick-upon-Tweed 2004; Chrmn, Berwick Parish Church Trust 1993; Freeman Worshipful Company of Tallow Chandlers from 1994; Mmbr Council of the Scottish Genealogy Society 2002-09.
Palatinates and regalities
Palatinates (or regalities as they are called in Scotland) were usually lawless border regions or areas remote from central authority. They were normally granted to a high-ranking noble who was given royal jurisdiction to enable him to maintain law and order in the palatinate ('palatine' is derived from the Latin palatium, that is 'palace'), and he reigned within his lands legally as a 'reguli' or 'little king' (according to Lord Bankton*, 'An Institute of the Laws of Scotland', II, III, para. 83, where he refers to a regality as a 'royal dignity'). *Lord Bankton is an institutional writer which means that his works are regarded as authoritative in Scottish courts of law. In his 'History of Scotland' John Hill Burton (1809-1881), Historiographer Royal (1867-1881), stated (vol. viii, p. 516) that a regality was 'a separate little kindgom carved out of the realm, where a great man was indulged with a gift of supreme authority'. Sir George Mackenzie, an institutional writer regarded as authoritative in Scottish courts of law, states that Lords of Regality in Scotland had the same powers as Earls Palatine in England (Nisbet, System of Heraldry, vol. II, p. 46) and he also says ('Observations', 47) that 'A lord of regality is Regulus, a little king, and takes off the people from an immediate dependence on the king'. Thus a regality was a kingdom and the title 'lord of regality' was a royal title. Note that the caput or head of a regality was technically a palatium, that is a palace or 'seat of royal authority' (Nisbet, 'System of Heraldry', Vol. II, Part IV, p. 46). In England the Palatine Counties of Chester and Durham, for example, were created to administer the border areas between England and Wales and England and Scotland respectively. The Palatinate of Durham was ruled by the Bishop of Durham, who was known as the Prince-Bishop of Durham until the passing of The Durham (County Palatine) Act 1836, reflecting the fact that palatine lords were legally sovereign princes of their domains, from which the royal authority was excluded, although the lord of the palatinate still owed allegiance to his sovereign ('There are two kings in England, namely, the lord king of England wearing a crown in sign of his regality, and the lord bishop of Durham wearing a mitre in place of a crown in sign of his regality in the diocese of Durham' - William de St. Botolph, 1302, Public Record Office, London, Assize Roll 226, m. 1d). According to Burke's 'Dormant and Extinct Peerages', the Palatine Earldom of Chester was granted in 1070 to Hugh de Abrincis (d'Avranches), otherwise 'Hugh Lupus' or 'Hugh the Fat', by William the Conqueror 'to hold as freely by the sword as the King himself held England by the crown', that is with complete royal jurisdiction. In Scotland, the legal term 'in libera regalitate' conferred all the powers exercised by the king, excluding only the right to try treason, but including complete criminal jurisdiction, including the power to try the Four Pleas of the Crown (murder, rape, arson and robbery). The Palatine Earldom of Chester had its own parliament until 1543 and the County Palatine of Durham had its own court system until 1971. See also the Paladins or Peers of Charlemagne, the most famous of whom was Roland.
The arms of the Bishop of Durham. These arms include a crozier and sword in saltire, as opposed to the two croziers in saltire borne by other (non-palatine) Bishops, and are surmounted by a bishop's mitre issuing out of a coronet. This is not a crest as such because in heraldic theory clerics do not fight and so cannot use helmets in their arms or, consequently, have a crest (which surmounts the helmet), but equates to the coronet which surmounts the shield in the arms of a peer. These two additaments, the sword and the coronet, symbolized the temporal power of the Bishop as a palatine lord or count palatine. The coronet is often referred to as a crest coronet or a ducal coronet but the design seems to vary; the first or left-hand seems to be a ducal coronet (strawberry leaves), the second and fourth seem to be the same as currently used by grandchildren of the sovereign (strawberry leaves and fleur-de lys) and the third seems to be the coronet of a marquess (strawberry leaves and pearls). One Bishop of Durham, Nathaniel Crew, 3rd Baron Crew, showed an earl's coronet. It would appear that temporal (i.e. non-clerical) earls/counts palatine in England were entitled to use the coronet of an earl, as demonstrated by the seal used by the 2nd Lord Baltimore (1605-1675), which was subsequently adopted as the seal of the state of Maryland.
The seal of the state of Maryland, originally sent from England at the time of settlement, showing the earl's coronet used by the 2nd Lord Baltimore, to whom Maryland was granted by Charles I in 1632. The statute adopting the seal states 'Above the shield is placed an Earl's coronet (indicating that though only a baron in England, Calvert was an earl or count palatine in Maryland)'. The crown charter granting Maryland to Lord Baltimore grants, against the heading 'Jurisdiction of a Count Palatine', 'all and singular the like, and as ample rights, jurisdictions, privileges, prerogatives, royalties, liberties, immunities, royall [sic] rights and franchises of what kind soever temporal, as well as by sea, as by land, within the county, iles, iletts, and limits aforesaid; to have, exercise , use and enjoy the same, as amply as any Bishop of Durham, within the Bishoprick, or County Palatine of Durham, in our Kingdome of England, hath at any time heretofore had, held, used, or enjoyed, or of right ought, or might have had, held, used or enjoyed.' Note also that the same charter grants, as a count palatine, 'the free and absolute power [...] to conferre favours, rewards and honours, upon such inhabitants within the Province aforesaid, as shall deserve the same, and to invest them, with what titles and dignities soever, as he shall think fit (so as they be not such as are now used in England).' This conferred the right to create a colonial nobility (Browne, William Hand (1890), George Calvert and Cecilius Calvert: Barons Baltimore of Baltimore, New York, Dodd, Mead, and Company, p. 36). On p. 37 it states: 'This charter, as Gardiner has well remarked, provided for a consitutional government according to the ideas of James and of Charles. There was to be ahereditary feudal monarchy, surrounded by a body of nobility deriving its rank, dignities and privileges from the prince as the fountain of honour. The law-making power was vested in the prince, not in the people, who could only advise and assent or dissent. The proprietary lacked no single royal power; his title ran 'Cecilius, Absolute Lord of Maryland and Avalon' and the only difference between him and an independent sovereign was the acknowledgment of fealty typified by the tender of the arrows and the reservation of the fifths of gold and silver.' See also the charter of Charles II in relation to Carolina dated 30/6/1665 which grants similar palatine powers. In a letter to me dated 16/8/2012 Portcullis Pursuivant (College of Arms, London) wrote that, in his view, 'the Bishop of Durham is entitled to a ducal coronet in addition to a mitre by reason of his former secular status as a palatine', so even a former lord palatine is entitled to a ducal coronet. Earls and bishops palatine (in England) and lords of regality (in Scotland) therefore had the right to create their own barons; that is, effectively, to create franchise baronial jurisdictions out of their own franchise palatine/regality jurisdiction. The Barons of the Earldom of Chester were, in order of seniority: The Baron of Halton, the Baron of Mantalto (Hawarden), the Baron of Wich Maldebeng (Nantwich), the Baron of Malpas, the Baron of Shipbrook, the Baron of Dunham Massey, the Baron of Kinderton and the Baron of Stockport). The barons of the County Palatine of Durham included the Hyltons of Hylton Castle, the Bulmers of Brancepeth Castle, the Conyers of Sockburne (Sockburn), the Hansards of Evenwood, the Lumleys of Lumley Castle and the Nevilles of Raby Castle.
With regard to Scotland, Professor Croft Dickinson (1897-1963), the leading academic authority on Scottish feudal baronies, states in his introduction to 'The Court Book of the Barony of Carnwath 1523-1542'* (p. lix): 'Finally, in considering these grants of rights of public justice it is clear that the tenant received them from his lord because his social position entitled him to them, because, in fact, he was already a "baron" as the word was understood in feudal society. He might not hold of the King; he might not hold in liberam baroniam. Nevertheless his jurisdiction was baronial and while bearing Craig's caveat in mind, we are bound to conclude that those tenants who held of an earl or lord and who had a right of furca and fossa were 'barons'. The jurisdiction must be our test, irrespective of whether that jurisdiction was derived from an earl or king.' See also p. l, n. 2, where he gives examples of baronies held of earls (e.g. Newdosk held of the Earl of Crawford and Cowie held of the Earl of Errol) and of grants by earls 'in liberam baroniam', and p. lii, where he states 'It is clear that in certain cases the earls granted lands to be held of them with rights of public justice, and that their "barons" regarded these rights as being derived directly from the earl who, to them, was "regulus" if not "rex". An example of a barony granted by a Lord of Regality is Muckart which was granted by the Archbishop of St. Andrews (Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, 'Robes of the Feudal Baronage of Scotland', P.S.A.S, Vol. LXXIX, p.117, n. 2).
* Described by Sir Malcolm Innes of Edingight, formerly Lord Lyon, as 'the most authoritative account of the formation and functions of baronies in Scotland','The Scottish Genealogist', vol. 47, June 2000, pp. 35-41.
The power to create barons still exists in Scotland and was exercised into the 1990s* according to Hugh Peskett, Consultant Editor for Scotland, Burke's 'Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage'. See Peskett, Hugh; 'Scottish Feudal Baronies', 'Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage', Burke's, 107th Ed. and 'East Lothian Life', Autumn 2003, p. 17, where he wrote: 'There are some rare exceptions [to baronies being held of the Crown], deriving from the ancient power exercised by the earls of the seven ancient earldoms, and by the Lords of the Isles, to erect baronies (a power which they still have and which was exercised into the 1990s)'.
Note that right of regality in Scotland included, along with rights of chancery and other rights, rights of admiralty (Croft Dickinson, p. xlii*), where appropriate, and that these rights were protected by article 19 of the Act of Union of 1707 which states 'that the Heritable Rights of Admiralty and Vice-Admiralties in Scotland be reserved to the respective Proprietors as Rights of Property, subject nevertheless, as to the manner of Exercising such Heritable Rights to such Regulations and Alterations as shall be thought proper to be made by the Parliament of Great Britain'. Lords of Regality would therefore also have been Lords Admiral in the Admiralty of Scotland, if their lands were coastal (which Mordington is, given that it is bounded by the River Whitadder and that there is no bridge in Scotland below the barony before the open sea), and the title of Lord Admiral survived the Heritable Jurisdictions Act of 1747 in the same way that the title of Hereditary Sheriff, as recognised by the Lord Lyon (e.g. Argyll, Bute, Wigtown), and Lord of Regality, also survived that Act; that is, on the basis that, according to Senior Counsel, the Act must be construed by reference to its purpose and was an Act to remove jurisdictions, not titles. Note also that s.10 Public Offices (Scotland) Act 1817 confirmed that the title Vice-Admiral of Scotland still existed at that date. See also Sacheverell, William, 'An Account of the Isle of Man', Manx Society, 1859, Essay III, where it states '[The Lord of Man's] right of Admiralty was likewise asserted in this assembly [the Manx Parliament], as wrecks, royal fish, &c., are his by his regality.' For use of the title 'Lord Admiral' by a Lord of Regality see Grierson, James, 'St. Andrews as it was and as it is', 3rd Ed., Cupar, 1838, p. 56 where it says 'The power and privilege of admiralty was also among the rights of the see, and the archbishop was lord admiral in all places within the bounds of his own regality.' Since the Archbishop was lord admiral he was entitled to describe himself as 'Lord Admiral' and the admiralty within which he was a Lord Admiral was the Admiralty of Scotland; hence he was a Lord Admiral in the Admiralty of Scotland.
*'The lord of regality might possess his own chancery for the issue of brieves, which were served in his own name and not in the name of the King; his own mint; his own rights of admiralty, and so forth... The only right which a full regality did not possess was the right to try treason'; that is, a grant of full rights of regality was a grant of all the rights exercised by the King, including rights of admiralty and excluding only treason. See also Grant, Alexander, 'Franchises North of the Border: Baronies and Regalities in Medieval Scotland', The Boydell Press, 2008, p. 12, with reference to the regality of Sprouston being held with 'the same liberties as the Lord Alexander King of Scotland used to hold his other lands of his kingdom'. Of course, these rights included the right to grant arms, as described above, which right was preserved by s.63 Abolition of Feudal Tenure etc. (Scotland) Act 2000.
In 1936 it was written that 'The Regality Court of Holyroodhouse is still active. The Hereditary Keeper of the Palace, the Duke of Hamilton, as Lord of Regality, appoints a bailie and other officials to the Court.' - 'An Introductory Survey of the Sources and Literature of Scots Law', by various authors with an Introduction by the Rt. Hon. Lord Macmillan, Lord of Appeal in Ordinary, Stair Society Publications, Edinburgh, 1936, printed by Robert Maclehose & Co., Vol. I., p. 112-114. The Office of Hereditary Keeper of the Palace of Holyroodhouse is one of the great Offices of the Royal Household in Scotland and is held by the Duke of Hamilton; it is a Lordship of Regality which is acknowledged to exist today. The current (2012) Baillie of Holyroodhouse is John Scott Moncrieff of Murray Beith Murray, Edinburgh. See 'A treatise on the history, law, and privileges of the palace and sanctuary of Holyroodhouse' by Peter Halkerston (1831), p. 11 etc., for more information. With regard to the power of earls and lords of regality to grant arms, it would be nonsensical if an earl or lord of regality could nobilitate (e.g. make a baron) but not grant marks of nobility (i.e. arms) at the same time. Since arms are the means by which nobility is 'known' ('nobilis') it follows that a right to nobilitate must necessarily imply a right to grant arms. A careful reading of the Acts of Parliament of 1592 and 1672 establishing the powers and duties of the Lord Lyon reveals that the 1592 Act conferred the power to visit (i.e. examine) the arms of noblemen, barons and gentlemen, to distinguish (i.e. to grant marks of difference to cadet branches) and to matriculate (i.e. record) arms, to inhibit common sort of people from bearing arms and to impose penalties on those who contravene the Act. There is nothing here that prevents an earl or lord of regality from exercising an existing right to grant arms, which says that arms already granted by such people before that date were not valid or which says that such a right cannot be exercised in the future. The 1672 Act provides that everyone who uses arms shouldsubmit an account of their arms with evidence confirming their right to the arms, gives the Lord Lyon the power to grant arms to virtuous and well-deserving people (but this does not necessarily exclude others from doing the same), to furnish extracts of registered arms (i.e. provide official copies of entries in the register) and to impose or remit penalties for the unauthorised use of arms (but this does not means that arms authorised by others are unlawful). The Act also says that the Lyon's register will be the true and unrepealable rule of all arms and bearings in Scotland but this does not of itself prevent arms granted otherwise than by the Lord Lyon from being recorded in the register. In other words, there is nothing in either of these Acts which gives the Lord Lyon the exclusive right to grant arms or which deprives those who had that right from exercising it in the future. It is true that Sir Thomas Innes of Learney in his 'Scots Heraldry' (2nd ed., p. 83) quotes the case of Macdonell v Macdonald (1826) to the effect that 'a person cannot create arms unto himself' in support of his assertion that the 'the granting of arms is part of the Royal Prerogative committed to the Kings of Arms' but the fact that a person cannot assume arms does not exclude an earl or lord of regality from granting arms. Note that even today some nobles still appoint their own pursuivants, such as the Finlaggan Pursuivant to the Baron Macdonald of Sleat, the Slains Pursuivant to the Earl of Erroll, the Garioch Pursuivant to the Countess of Mar and the Endure Pursuivant to the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres, although these pursuivants do not grant arms (See 'Complete Peerage', vol. XI, app. C, 'Heralds of the Nobility' for further information). Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, former Lord Lyon King of Arms, says in his 'The Robes of the Feudal Baronage of Scotland' (P.S.A.S, Vol. LXXIX, p.117, n. 2) that in Scotland 'the Crown was not the "sole" Fountain of Honour'.
For more on regalities/palatinates see here.
The arms of Milne quartered with Senior. Quarterly, first and fourth, azure a cross moline between four fleur-de-lys or (for MILNE), second and third, per fess, gules and azure, a fess ermine between, in chief, two lions heads erased or and, in base, a dolphin naiant embowed argent (for SENIOR). Above the shield is placed a chapeau Gules furred Ermine (in respect of his feudal Barony of Mordington), thereon a Helm befitting his degree with a mantling Azure doubled Or and on a wreath of the liveries is set for crest the head, neck and wings of a swan bearing in its beak a Tudor rose Proper seeded Or, and in an escrol over the same this motto 'Honore et amore'.
I am also descended, via the Hammersley and Eden families from the Buncombe-Poulett-Thomson family, whose arms are: Quarterly, 1st and 4th, argent a buck's head cabossed gules, attired or, on a chief azure a cross crosslet fitchee of the third between two mullets of six points (spur revels per Balfour Paul) of the first (for THOMSON); 2nd, sable, three swords in pile points downwards proper, pommels and hilts or, a crescent for difference (for POULETT); 3rd, argent, a fret between four crescents sable (for BUNCOMBE).
The arms of Buncombe-Poulett-Thomson as copied from a manuscript in the College of Arms in 1851.
Sanson Seal, Berwick-upon-Tweed.
Edrington House, Mordington, Berwickshire.
39 Castle St., Norham (the white cottage in the middle), headquarters of Milne Global Enterprises Inc.
Epsom College. The windows to the left of the door are those of the Masters' Common Room. Naturally, I managed to kick a rugby ball through one of these windows on my first day at school.
Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, where I was born in 1955.
Fonthill Prep School (now called Rockwood Park and no longer a school building - though the school is still thriving at the site of the old pre-prep in Coombe Hill Road) - the front. I was given 6 of the best (with a leather riding crop) for climbing out on the roof on the left (from the little flat-roofed dormer window), where I then spent the afternoon waving and making rude gestures to my friends on the tennis court (where this picture was taken from). Unfortunately, when I tried to get back in I found that someone had locked the window and so I had no alternative but to call for help. Another thrashing! The dorms (dormitories) were on the top two floors of the wing on the left. We used to throw darts at eachother in the dark I remember (this stopped abruptly when someone was hit in the eye - I didn't invent this game by the way) and terrify eachother silly with tales of mad axemen wandering the corridors (we were so terrified we didn't even dare to go to the loo). We also used to go and raid the larders in the middle of the night. On one occasion almost the entire school was involved (about 50 to 60 boys). Unfortunately, we were caught by the headmaster and this escapade ended with him chasing the entire school round and round the outside of the gym building (not shown) in the dark. But we were little darlings really and looked forward to being tucked up in bed with our teddies and kissed goodnight by the matron (who seemed quite grown up to me but she can't have been more than about 18 - I had been at boarding school from the age of 4). Near the gym were acres and acres of old glasshouses. My pals and I used to spend happy hours throwing stones at these from long range. The crash of breaking glass was very satisfying to a 10 year old. Funnily enough, I was happy here and used to go around the corridors singing at the top of my voice ('Edelweiss' and 'Early one morning' and such stuff); no-one seemed to take any notice. The school had the most fantastic grounds with miles and miles (so it seemed) of rhododendrons where, on a Sunday, the school would be split into two teams; one team would be based at one end of the grounds (near the chapel) and the other team would be based at the other end (near Fonthill Pre-Prep). The objective was to crawl and creep to the enemy base without being seen. Naturally, each side set up defensive ambushes at likely spots with boys armed with great tufts of turf and mud. The invaders would creep forward similarly armed and the most fantastic mud fight would ensue (with reinforcements arriving once battle had been joined). We got absolutely filthy from head to toe. It was a happy little school on the whole. Most of the pupils were English but we had a spattering of exotic foreigners, including Indian and Arab princes and the sons of European aristocrats with outlandish names (Stael-Holstein was one I remember). What on earth their parents made of their 'English education' I hate to think. I was probably the most thrashed boy in history of the school (I also got thrashed for making a very rude noise with the organ pump in the middle of a sermon during Sunday chapel - this was a hand pump manned by the boys on a rota basis) and the only boy in the 1st XI cricket team with a batting average of less than one. I became a serious bird-watcher at this school and we set up a branch of the YOC (Young Ornithologists Club).
Early one morning,
Chorus: Oh, don't
Remember the vows,
Oh Gay is the garland,
Thus sang the poor maiden,
Fonthill Prep School - the main school room on the first floor. Each boy had his own bit of shelf-space where he could store things (I had a collection of Airfix soldiers). These were quite open and the theory (which seemed to work) was that this would encourage respect for the property of others. The whole school used to sit on the benches round the edge of this room before leading off down to meals (there were fewer than 60 pupils at that time I seem to remember). On one such occasion I put a whole box of drawing pins on the seat of my best friend next to me (just to the right of the fireplace). He promptly came and sat on them just as the headmaster (a renowned thrasher) entered the room. My friend nobly sat in silence with tears streaming down his face until the headmaster had left the room, thus saving me from a severe thrashing. Lessons were also held in this room, with the boys sitting round the table. On one occasion, I was given 6 of the best for spinning a roll of sellotape across this table in the middle of a lesson. Every weekend we had to sit in this room and write dutiful letters to our parents. I always used to write something like 'Dear Mummy and Daddy, I hope you are well. I am well. Please send chocolate cake. Lots of love, Graham.' (My mother made the most fabulous chocolate cakes and the arrival of one of these for my birthday or on some other occasion made me the most popular boy in the school. Personally, I would have preferred to have kept the whole cake to myself but this was not allowed.)
Fonthill Prep School - the gym/theatre. This was the scene of my only foray into the world of theatre when I played Shylock in 'The Merchant of Venice'. I was so bad that the Headmaster got the audience to give me a special round of applause for effort (as opposed to achievement). I remember it well.
Fonthill Prep School - the swimming pool. Green and full of bugs with huge eyes and zillions of legs (also massive jaws or pincers - or both - of course); I became a very fast swimmer.
Extracts from the school Year Book:
"Characters of the XI Football"
"Milne, Centre-half. Under eleven years old, he had to carry this difficult and exacting position; he was clearly the best man for the job, and is likely to become a very good player."
"Characters of the XI Cricket"
"G. Milne: He can hit very hard, but has not yet acquired the basic survival kit, so his innings are brief; but he will soon learn and then he will be a formidable forcing bat. He fields well and is developing a leg break."
"Members of the XV Rugger"
"Milne: (Full Back) : Although under 10 and a half, he was quite the best and most reliable tackler in the team. With two more seasons' experience he should become a very good player all round."
Fonthill School rugby and football colours.
Recognised as Baron of Mordington by interlocutor of the Court of the Lord Lyon dated 11 Nov 2004 and matriculated arms at the LO 30 October 2007. Changed name from Milne to Senior-Milne by warrant of the Lord Lyon King of Arms dated 20 Dec 2004 as heir male of his mother, Pamela Mary Milne (née Senior), elder daughter and senior heraldic co-heiress of Oliver Nassau Senior.
Note that the reputed author of the Declaration of Arbroath of 1320, Bernard de Linton, Abbot of Arbroath, began his career in the Church as Minister of Mordington. He would have been appointed to that office by the Baron of Mordington.
'It is in truth not for glory, nor riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for liberty - for that alone, which no honest man gives up but with life itself.'
The Barony of Mordington
Bruce with Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray, to whom he
granted the Barony of Mordington - see below.
According to Black's 'Surnames of Scotland' the name 'Mordington' is derived from the 'old barony of the same name in Berwickshire, the 'tun' of a Saxon named Mordyn, Mording or Morthing. William de Mordington, the first recorded of the name, appears soon after 1200 as a vassal of the prior of Durham (Raine*). William de Morthington held part of the vill of Lamberton, c. 1235, was Chancellor of Scotland in the reign of Alexander II.... He and his son, Sir Peter de Mordingtoun, are frequent witnesses to Coldingham charters (Raine*, App.)... The family appears to have ended in an heiress, the afore-mentioned Agnes, daughter of Sir Peter de Mordingtoun, who married Henry de Haliburton.
*'The History and Antiquities of North Durham...', Rev. James Raine, London, 1852.
Seal of William de Mordington dated 1246 (Durham University Library Archives & Special Collections: Medieval seals based on Greenwell & Blair's catalogue, no. 2896); [colour] a bend sinister [colour].
'The first mention of Mordington is in a charter of King Edgar (c.943-975) granting various lands in southern Scotland, including Mordington, to Durham cathedral; this grant was confirmed by William Rufus on 29 August 1095 (Durham University Library Archives & Special Collections, Durham Cathedral Muniments, Miscellaneous Charter 559). However, the original charter of erection of the feudal or territorial Barony of Mordington (Berwickshire), which is now a personal title as a consequence of the Abolition of Feudal Tenure etc. etc. (Scotland) Act 2000 (but see below), is lost at a date before 1312 to 1329, in which period the Barony was resigned by Sir Henry de Haliburton (a signatory of the Ragman Roll of 1296 as 'tenaunt le Roi du counte de Berewyk') and his spouse Agnes de Morthingtoun (evidently the heiress) to Robert the Bruce for re-grant to Thomas Randolph, 1st Earl of Moray, who commanded the left wing at the Battle of Bannockburn (1314) and was Regent of Scotland from 1329. It seems likely that the barony was granted to Thomas Randolph after he and Sir James Douglas ('the good Sir James') captured Berwick-upon-Tweed in 1318. A lordship of Mordington, held by the family of that name, is referred to in charters dating from the time of Patrick, 5th Earl of Dunbar (1152-1232), which means that the lordship/barony of Mordington is older than the oldest surviving Scottish peerage, the Earldom of Sutherland, which dates from about 1235, and also older than the oldest surviving English peerage, the barony of de Ros, which dates from 1265. In 1335, on the death of John Randolph, 3rd Earl of Moray (who commanded the first Scottish division at the battle of Halidon Hill, near Berwick-upon-Tweed, in 1333), the Barony passed via an heiress from the Earls of Moray to the Earls of Dunbar or March and then also by marriage (as dowry) to the Douglas family of Dalkeith, later Earls of Morton, and was held by that family from 1372 until 1636, apart from a period of forfeiture between 1581 and 1585 when it was held by the 1st and 2nd Dukes of Lennox and 1585 to 1588 when it was held by Archibald Douglas, 8th Earl of Angus. In 1634 the lands of Over Mordington were detached from the Barony and granted to Sir James Douglas (second son of William Douglas, 10th Earl of Angus), later 1st Lord Mordington (which title became extinct in 1755), and in 1636 the Barony, which then consisted solely of the lands of Nether Mordington (with Edrington House, the manor place of Nether Mordington, as the caput), was granted to Thomas Ramsay (of the family of Ramsay of Edington, near Chirnside, Berwickshire, apparently a branch of the family of Ramsay, Earls of Dalhousie), Minister of the Kirk at Foulden, Berwickshire, and Helen Kellie, his spouse, to be held in free regality ('in libera regalitate'). The Barony was subsequently owned by the families of Douglas of Mordington (1658-1685), Douglas (1685-1773), Douglas Watson (1773-1785), Marshall (1785-1834), Soady (1834-1864), Chirnside (1864-1939), Sutherland (1939-1949), Edwards (1949-1962), Robertson (1962-1975) and Elphinston (1975-1998) until it was acquired jointly by the present owners in 1998 when they purchased Edrington House, the caput (legal head) of the barony, and the remaining lands. The Barony of Mordington has been held in free regality ('in libera regalitate'), that is as a palatine lordship, since 24th March 1381-2 when, on his marriage to Elizabeth, daughter of the future Robert III, Sir James Douglas (d. before May 1441) received a grant of Mordington and other lands from Robert II in free regality ('Scots Peerage', VI, 350 referring to Reg. Honor. de Morton; also Register of the Great Seal, II, 993 being a charter of confirmation under the Great Seal dated 9th July 1470 to William Douglas of Morton and Whittingham referring, inter alia, to the 'baroniam de Mordingtoun' and to grants of Mordington 'in libera regalitate by Robert II and Robert III).
Two arguments have been put forward concerning the validity of the grant of regality in 1636. Firstly, that the grant of a new regality required the personal signature of the king (because the Barons of the Exchequer had no authority to grant something new i.e. alienate Crown rights) and, secondly, that a subject could not create a lord of regality. However, the regality was not a new regality because the Barony of Mordington had been held in regality since 1381-2 (so there was no creation of a new regality, merely the transfer of an existing regality, and the Barons of the Exchequer could receive resignations and make re-grants of existing subjects) and, in any event, in 1407 the Earl of Douglas bestowed regality rights over Buittle, Preston and Borgue on Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith (see Alexander Grants Franchises North of the Border, p. 14 and Reg. Honor. de Morton, vol. II, p. 203), which shows that a lord of regality could in fact transfer regality rights over part of his lands to another person. In addition, an ordinary baron could not create a baron (as such) but he certainly could create a baron (in effect) by selling his barony. The charter of 1386 (Reg. Honor. de Morton, vol. II, p. 154) which purportedly erected the regalities of Dalkeith and Morton is key because while it erects the various lands and baronies referred to into one barony and regality of Dalkeith ('in unam integram et liberam baroniam et in liberam regaliam feu regalitatem') there are no parallel words of erection for the lands and baronies of the purported regality of Morton (i.e. the baronies of Morton, Mordington and Whittinghame), probably because these lands and baronies were held not of the King but of the Earl of March.* The erroneous reference to a regality of Morton being erected at that date (in Alexander Grants Franchises North of the Border, p. 37) appears to have arisen because the service due from the relevant lands and baronies (one silver penny) was to be paid at Morton. While these lands and baronies were held in regality they were not united into one regality, which means that the Barony of Mordington was originally held on its own in regality. This is significant because when the Barony of Mordington was dissolved from the Regality of Dalkeith in 1636 (into which it was incorporated in 1540), what was dissolved from that regality was what was incorporated into that regality in the first place; a barony held in regality. It cannot be otherwise because, as Croft Dickinson makes clear ('The Court Book of the Barony of Carnwath 1523-1542', p. xxxvii, l), a barony, being impartible and indestructible (p. xxxii, xxxvi)**, retained its separate legal identity (and its separate court) unless united 'in unam et integram baroniam', which is why the Barony of Mordington continued to exist as a separate legal entity even after it had been incorporated into the Regality of Dalkeith; that legal entity was a barony held in regality. The barony held in regality was a creation of the Crown (in 1381/2) so it would have been creating 'something new' to have split off the regality rights from that barony, not the other way round. But these arguments are academic in any event in view of the resignation and confirmation (which is a re-grant) by Crown Charter in 1856. *The Earldom of Dunbar was forfeited to the Crown in 1435 (RPS, 1435/3) so the Barony of Mordington was held of the Crown from that year. **See also Peter McIntyre, 'Introduction to Scottish Legal History', Ch. XXVIII, 'The Franchise Courts', p. 375, where he states 'It required a royal grant to create a baron court; once created it was impartible and indestructible; only a royal act, the Heritable Jurisdcitions Act 1747 (20 Geo. II c.43) could limit the franchise jurisdiction of the baron court.' Note also that a charter of 20/6/1589 (RMS, V, 1674) granted the Regality of Dalkeith, including the barony of Mordington, to William Douglas, Earl of Morton, and to a series of heirs, whom failing 'to the assignees of said earl whatsoever'. According to J. F. Riddell, in his 'Inquiry into the Law and Practice in Scottish Peerages' (Edinburgh, 1862, Vol. I, p. 208-211) this power of assignation would have been enough to allow the simple conveyance of a personal peerage title to an assignee, as happened with Cardross ('Complete Peerage', 2nd ed., vol. 3, p. 18-19), so would logically have been enough to allow the sale of a feudal barony held in regality to a purchaser (being an assignee). In other words, if the Earl of Morton had the power to assign the Barony of Mordington to an assignee at all, he must also have had the power to assign the Barony with its impartible regality jurisdiction.
Norham Castle, painted by my great-great-great-grandfather, John Hughes (1790-1857)
Goswick beach looking towards Holy Island. The little dot on the horizon is Lindisfarne Castle, a 6 mile walk along the beach. This beach is a 5 minute drive from Norham.
Goswick beach looking towards Berwick-upon-Tweed.
Commando Training Centre Royal Marines (CTCRM), Lympstone 1977 - YO76 Group photo.
|=||Annabel Catherine Margaret Horsfield|
Gordon Milne CBE (1926-2000)
Gardener, historian, yachtsman, vintage car enthusiast and lover of all things Scottish.
Westbury. My parents' home in Sussex from 1966 to 2000.
DENYS GORDON MILNE, CBE (1982), MA (Oxon), BSc (Oxon), late of Westbury, Old Lane, St. John's, Crowborough, East Sussex (1966-2000), formerly of 46 Beacon Hill, Dormansland, Surrey (1961-66); b 12 Jan 1926 at Lerwick, Shetland Islands; educ Epsom College 1937-44 and Brasenose Coll., Oxford (MA Hons Mod. History) 1947-50, Colonial Service Course 1950-51, Blues in athletics and lacrosse, represented Scotland in discus; Pilot Officer, RAF Regt. 1944-47 (Prize Cadet, Officer Cadet Training Unit No. 24 1946; Adjutant 2700 Lt AA Squadron), Defence Medal, War Medal 1939-45; Asst. District Officer, Colonial Admin. Service, Northern Nigeria 1951-55; British Petroleum Co. 1955-81 (BP, Nigeria and Ghana 1955-61; BP, London 1961-63; Gen. Mngr BP, Nigeria 1963-65; Rgnl Crdntr BP, London 1965-71; Dir. Shell Mex and BP, London 1966-71; Chm. and Man. Dir. BP Southern Oil, Cape Town, South Africa 1971-75; Dep. Chm. BP Oil Ltd, London 1975-76; Man. Dir. and Chief Exec. BP Oil Ltd, London 1976-81); President Inst. of Petroleum 1978-80; Member Scottish Economic Council 1978-81; Trustee Nat. Motor Museum 1979-89; Member Adv. Cttee on Energy Conservation 1980-81; President UK Petroleum Industry Assoc. 1980-81; Dir. Business in the Community 1981-84; Dir. Silkolene Lubricants Plc 1981-91; Dir. Fluor Daniel Ltd 1981-90; Dir. The Weir Group Plc 1983-92; Chm. Horder Centre for Arthritis 1983-96; Member Court of Assistants Worshipful Company of Tallow Chandlers (Master 1993-94) from 1986; Chm. Council of Epsom College 1990-95; Trustee and Dep. Chm. Centre for South African Studies, York Univ. 1990-95.
My father and mother outside Buckingham Palace on the occasion when he was awarded the CBE in 1982.
Sailing in the Med.
Kebbaty House, Midmar - one-time home of Dr. Robert Milne (1849-1922), my great-grandfather.
Kebbaty House - the garden (from the tennis court).
Kebbaty House - the stables.
Kebbaty House - the tennis court.
The Grade B listed Kebbaty Mains (or 'Mains of Kebbaty'), Midmar - home of James Milne (1809-1875), father of Robert Milne (1849-1922). The gates shown are those of Kebbaty House.
Mains of Kebbaty is listed in 'An Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland' , Volume 3: Highland, Orkney and Grampian.
The 2003 sale of Kebbaty Mains was reported in the national press in an article titled 'Lording it up; Grampian country house offers a chance to escape to your very own little world' (Daily Record, 10 June 2003), something that would have amused my great-great-grandfather I think.
Another photo of Kebbaty Mains.
Another photo of Kebbaty Mains.
Descent of Diana, Princess of Wales (1961-1997) from Alexander Milne of Fyvie, Aberdeenshire (Note that I have not traced a connection between Alexander Milne and my family but I think it is safe to assume that there is a connection at some point; I assume that all Milnes from Aberdeenshire, where the name comes from, are related.) Interestingly, this descent means that Princes William and Harry are 1/256th Milne and therefore have more Milne blood than they do that of the Stuarts, the former royal house of Scotland.
Withyham Church and Vicarage, Withyham, Sussex. My parents' local church where Jamie, our eldest, was Christened. I proposed to Annabel here, on a spot almost behind the tree in the centre of the picture. If you follow the lane going up the hill off to the right you come to the 500 Acre Wood, of Winnie-the-Pooh fame (called the '100 akre wood' in the books). When I was a boy I used to spend whole days wandering in this wood without meeting anyone (apart from a plump little bear of course). On one occasion while out walking in this wood, a friend of my mother, a local farming lady, who knew A. A. Milne (or Christopher Milne or both of them - I can't remember which) pointed to a tree we were standing next to and said 'Did you know that this is Owl's Tree?' Believe it or not, this lady's surname is 'de la Bere'.
My grandfather, George Milne (1894-1942), bottom left. Bastille Day, Paris, 1916.
Arch House, Ecclefechan, Dumfries & Galloway, the home of my great-grandmother's family, the Nightingales. This is the house where Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881) was born. It is now run as a museum by the National Trust for Scotland.
July 2005. The Camel estuary near Rock in Cornwall, where my parents used to take us on family holidays and where I now take my own children.
Rock at sunset.
A rainbow at Rock.
Sister of Anne Barbara Senior. Mrs. Kipling (see below), wife of Rudyard Kipling, was my mother's godmother.
A hidden valley near my mother's home in Kent. My favourite walk. Being near the old Pilgrim's Way to the shrine of Thomas a Becket at Canterbury, one half expects to meet the Wife of Bath and her merry band of pilgrims from Chaucer's 'Canterbury Tales' jangling down the track. The valley has probably not changed since that time.
The same valley looking back to where the first photo was taken from.
The top of the valley.
The path to the top of the valley.
'Still round the
corner there may wait
A view of the village green at Challock, Kent. This green is about a kilometre long.
Nassau Senior (b. 28 Nov 1901 m. 8 Sep
1927 d. 30 Jun 1992)
Farmer and Chartered Surveyor. An only child. He was born at 98 Cheyne Walk, London, once the home of Thomas Carlyle and now owned by the National Trust. It is an interesting fact that my father's family used to live in the house in Ecclefeachan, in Scotland, where Thomas Carlyle was born. This house is now owned by the National Trust for Scotland.
OLIVER NASSAU SENIOR, BA (Oxon), ARICS, late of Park Manor, 8 St. Aldhems Road, Branksome Park, Poole, Dorset (1985-92); 12 Minterne Grange, Crichel Mount Rd., Lilliput, Poole, Dorset (1971-1985); Purbeck Cottage, Chaddesley Glen, Poole, Dorset (1959-1971); Ardencote, Alington Rd., Poole, Dorset (1955-59); 24 Northmoor Road, Oxford (1946-1955) (J R R Tolkein lived at 20 Northmoor Road at the time - oddly enough he moved to Poole - 'Woodridings', 19 Lakeside Rd - in 1968); Belmont House, Thame, Oxon (1936-1946); 25 Newton Court, Church St., Kensington (1935-1936); Mill Dene, Eastbourne Road, Seaford, Sussex (1931-1935); Cambridge (1930-1931); Tideways, Bosham, Sussex (Winter 1929); The Bough Farm, Burwash Common, Sussex (1925-1929); b 28 Nov 1901 at 98 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London; educ St. Peter's, Chesterfield Rd., Eastbourne 1912-15; Haileybury 1915-17, Eastbourne College (moved school following bout of double pneumonia) 1917-19; Studied for Responsions for Oxford at a private crammer in Eastbourne 1919-20; Univ. College, Oxford (B.A. Agric.) 1921-24; Farming pupil at Iford Farm (prop. J & H Robinson), Sutton House, Iford, nr. Lewes, Sussex (1924-25); Farming in Burwash, Sussex 1925-29; Studied crop husbandry, Cambridge 1930-31; Served articles (ARICS 1933) with Powell & Co., Lewes, Sussex 1931-35; Working independently in London 1935-36; Land Agent for E H Dashwood Esq, Aston Rowant Estate, Oxon 1936-38; Asst. Land Agent, HQ Eastern Command, London 1938-40; Asst. Land Agent, War Dept., Oxford 1940-46; Senior Asst. Land Commissioner, Min. of Ag., Gloucester 1946-48; Asst. Bursar, St. John's College, Oxford 1948-55; President Architecture & Surveying Institute 1934
He is listed in the Marquis de Ruvigny's 'The Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal' (Mortimer Percy Volume, Part I, Page 282). This records my grandfather's royal descent via the Eden family, but a different descent from the one shown under Barbara Hammersley (daughter of Dulcibella Eden) below.
He owned the farm next door to 'Batemans', the Kipling's house in Sussex. My grandparents met when my grandfather advertised a puppy for sale in the local paper. My grandmother, who was Kipling's secretary at the time and living at 'Batemans' (now held by the National Trust), arrived at my grandfather's farm to look at the puppy in the Kipling's huge chauffeur-driven Rolls Royce. This car is still going strong and was sold at auction some years ago.
My grandfather, Oliver Nassau Senior (1901-1992), as a young boy.
Oliver Nassau Senior (1901-1992) in uniform.
Belmont House, Thame. My grandparents' home from 1936 to 1946. The house was requisitioned by the Army during the war and they ruined it. My grandparents had to sell the house when it was handed back to them.
Belmont House from the back.
Thame on a market day. Belmont House is behind the lorry on the left. This photo was taken before 1937, probably around 1935 or possibly even 1936 when my grand-parents lived there.
My grandparents, Oliver Senior (1901-1992) and Dorothy Senior, nee Gardner-Smith (1904-1987). I think this is at my parents' wedding in 1953.
An aerial view of the entrance of Poole Harbour, the largest natural harbour in Europe, and Sandbanks. Three of my grandparents homes are in this view; Purbeck Cottage (just where the neck of Sandbanks joins the mainland) and Ardencote and Minterne Grange, further left along the shoreline.
The Poole Harbour ferry (which you can also see in the photo above). Going on this is always an adventure.
View of Sandbanks from the area of Evening Hill. This is almost exactly the view from my grandparent's former home at 12 Minterne Grange.
Branksome Chine, about 100m from my grandparent's former home in Chaddesley Glen. I used to play on this beach when I visited my grandparents as a child. The path from Chaddelsey Glen comes down the wooded bank on the left of the picture.
Gardner-Smith (b. 31 May 1904 d. 27 Dec
Daughter of Herbert Heaton Gardner-Smith (1869-1927) and Annie Elizabeth Gardner-Smith, nee Pierce (1874-1918)
Secretary to Rudyard Kipling, author of 'The Jungle Book' etc. Stern (but kind) reprover of naughty grand-children.
I have a family tree for the Gardner-Smiths going back to the late eighteenth century.
Percival Gardner-Smith (1888-1985)
Fen Ditton Hall, Fen Ditton, nr. Cambridge. Sometime home of Rev. Percival Gardner-Smith (1888-1985), my grandmother's uncle. He was Dean of Jesus College, Cambridge, from 1922 to 1956 and left £225,000 to the college in his will.
The Rev. Percival Gardner-Smith BD (1888-1985)
In the grounds of Fen Ditton Hall with Sophie Gardner-Smith (nee Leeke) (1885-1960), first wife of Rev. Percival Gardner-Smith, in the foreground. Her grandfather, William Leeke ('Waterloo William') (1797-1879), Ensign of the 52nd Light Infantry Regiment (later The Royal Green Jackets), was the youngest British officer at the Battle of Waterloo, where he carried the Regimental Colours.
William Leeke ('Waterloo William') (1797-1879) - the youngest officer at the Battle of Waterloo.
Herbert Heaton Gardner-Smith (1869-1927) and Annie Elizabeth Gardner-Smith, nee Pierce (1874-1918) with their daughters, Eve (Aunty Paddy) and Dorothy, my grandmother. Photo taken at 'Hartfield', Helensburgh. He was born Herbert Heaton Gardner Smith (i.e. his surname was 'Smith') but adopted the surname Gardner-Smith on 8 October 1901.
Obituary of Herbert Heaton Gardner-Smith published in a local Durban newspaper in 1927:
'The late Mr. Herbert Heaton Gardner-Smith, who passed away at Addington Hospital as the result of an accident, was a retired surveyor, Lloyds Register of Shipping. He was the eldest son of the Rev. Gardner-Smith, of Scarborough, England, and the only brother of the Rev. Percival Gardner-Smith, Fellow and Dean of Jesus College, Cambridge, England. To know Mr. H. H. Gardner-Smith was to know a thorough gentleman, a staunch friend, honest and upright in all his dealings. No man could find a better friend or listen to a better entertainer; a man of the world who could make and keep a friend for life. Such a careful reader of character was he that he never made a false friendship. It was a pleasure to be numbered among his acquaintances, for he was always considerate for others, even while suffering much himself. He arrived in Durban a little more than a year ago in very poor health, the result of the severe strain of the late War. In addition to his own occupation, he daily rendered hours of time as a special constable in the London Metropolitan Police Force and was a highly qualified St. John Ambulance man. He also showed great pluck in dealing with the suppression of the smuggling of opium by the Chinese living in Limehouse, one of the worst parts of London. He was a scholar and spoke many languages, and quite recently started to learn Zulu, and often rode in rikshas just to converse with the "puller". It seems a strange working of Providence that, after being fully restored to health here and able to walk three of four miles every morning, he should die at Addington as the result of an accident. Mr. Herbert Heaton Gardner-Smith was born in Bradford on July 2, 1869 and died on Oct. 11, 1927, aged 58 years.'
Nassau Senior (1850-1933 m 1887)
Barrister, of 98 Cheyne Walk, London (until 1904); 12 Chichester Terrace, Brighton (until 1912), Branksome, Saffrons Rd, Eastbourne (until 1920) and then 50 St. John's Rd, Eastbourne and also of The Haven, Heatherwood Park Road, Totland, Isle of Wight (until 1924*). An only child. He was born at Donnington Priory, which featured in 'The 39 Steps'. Educated at Rugby and University College, Oxford. Student at Lincoln's Inn in 1871, called to the Bar in 1875. He was an equity draftsmen and conveyancer** who had chambers in Lincoln's Inn at 2 Old Buildings in 1880 and 21 Old Buildings by 1885 (Foster's Men-at-the-Bar lists him at 21 Old Square). From 1890 he does not have a chambers address so presumably ceased to practice.
*I suspect that this holiday home had to be sold following the collapse of Cox's & King's in 1923.
**Equity draftsmen and conveyancers were a specialist kind of barrister engaged in the technical business of drafting all the complex written proceedings in a court action in Chancery and also drafting legal documents concerned with land and trusts within the jurisdiction of the Court of Chancery.
Chichester Terrace, Brighton. This terrace faces directly onto the sea front and beach.
Brighton as it was.
50 St. John's Rd, Eastbourne, the second house from the left at the bottom of the picture; the one with the white steps leading down from the balcony to the garden. It must have been a nice place to live in the 1920's; large houses in a quiet, leafy road, just a short walk from the church, a golf course and the sea front, with its bright shops, views of the sea, the gardens with their bandstand and, of course, the pier. An ever-changing kaleidoscope of life and colour.
50 St. John's Rd, Eastbourne, second from the right, from the other side.
Saffron's Road, Eastbourne.
Totland Bay, Isle of Wight, as it was when my grandfather was a boy. See here for further photos. This beach is only a short walk from my great-grandfather's old house 'The Haven'.
A postcard of holidaying in Totland.
Totland Bay, Isle of Wight, from Headon Warren, with Colwell Bay and Fort Albert (on the point) beyond. In the background on the far shore and approximately behind the ship is the Pylewell estate, once seat of Ascanius William Senior (1728-1787) - see below. The tumulus on top of Headon Warren (roughly the spot from which this picture was taken) was my grandfather's favourite place.
The Needles, Isle of Wight (from Alum Bay, I think).
Donnington Priory, Newbury, Berks. Home of the Hughes family.
Walter Nassau Senior was named after his uncle, Walter Scott Hughes (who died in 1846 at the age of 20 of malaria). Walter Scott Hughes was named after Sir Walter Scott, his godfather and close friend of his grandmother, Mary Anne Watts, who died in 1853, 3 years after Walter Nassau Senior's birth. Walter Scott Hughes was the nearest sibling in age to his sister, Jane, (mother of Walter Nassau Senior) and they were the closest of friends and companions. She was devastated by his death.
Barbara ('Barbara') Hammersley
Daughter of Hugh Hammersley (1819-1882) and Dulcibella Eden (d. 1903) and first cousin of Gertrude Jekyll, (b. 1804 d. 26 Mar 1876), the famous gardener - see below.
Mabel Barbara Hammersley steering 'Belinda', 'Uncle Freddie's [Frederick Cox of Cox's Bank]' yacht in about 1912.
Dulcibella Eden (d. 1903)
Warren House, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey, home of Hugh Hammersley and Dulcibella Eden.
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